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No matter how often or how severely we’ve experienced anxiety, we can all agree on one thing – anxiety is deeply uncomfortable and can make us miserable.
Did you know that cats can experience anxiety, just like people? Cat anxiety is different from fear, which is a temporary sensation caused by an external threat. Even in cats, anxiety is defined as “the anticipation of future dangers from unknown or imagined origins that result in normal body reactions associated with fear.” What that means is that cat anxiety is an ongoing condition, one that takes a toll on your four-legged friend’s body and mind.
Thankfully, you can work with your veterinarian to find solutions that really work for your anxious cat. So, do you know how to tell if your cat is suffering from anxiety? And what can you do to comfort an anxious cat?
What Causes Cat Anxiety?
Unfortunately, cat anxiety may be more widespread than you’d expect. An estimated 50% of pets suffer from Fear, Anxiety, and Stress (FAS). Even though FAS is a common condition, many pet parents still struggle to get the help and support they need to recognize the signs of FAS and treat it effectively. Additionally, cats with FAS often go undiagnosed because their symptoms and signs can be subtle.
To help your feline friend recover, you’ll want to see if you can identify the cause of her ongoing anxiety. While separation anxiety is the most common form of anxiety in cats, many environmental, behavioral, and health factors may play a role in causing anxiety, including:
- Changes in her routine that can leave a cat with separation anxiety, like a pet parent going back to work after a long hiatus at home
- An unfamiliar environment, such as a new or remodeled house
- A new situation, such as the introduction of a new baby or household pet
- An illness, painful physical condition, or disease, such as hyperthyroidism
- Aging, which may lead to cat dementia or other nervous disorders
- A past traumatic experience, like abuse, neglect, abandonment, or prolonged confinement in a cage
- Not being socialized enough as a kitten
Sometimes, even breed can make a cat more or less vulnerable to anxiety. Of course, it’s not always possible to determine the exact cause of a cat’s anxious feelings. With careful observation and patience, though, you can learn to recognize an anxious kitty’s behavior and body language and alleviate the symptoms of anxiety.
24 Cat Anxiety Symptoms You Should Know
When you imagine a cat with anxiety, do you picture an angry, hissing cat scratching every curtain in the house? While some anxious cats might behave that way, often, a cat’s anxiety presents in much more subtle ways. However, although the signs might look subtle on the outside, any anxiety on the inside can cause severe distress to a cat.
Unfortunately, cat anxiety is much less likely to be diagnosed or recognized than anxiety in dogs. Veterinary behaviorist Dr. Lisa Radosta says that “cats have as much fear, anxiety, and stress (FAS) as dogs in the home environment. (But) cat owners are less aware of FAS because a hiding cat may not seem like a stressed cat to them.”
Are you a cat parent, or do you know someone who is? Pay attention to these 24 cat anxiety symptoms that can help you recognize whether your furry friend is silently (or not-so-silently!) suffering:
- Becoming less active
- Destructive behavior, like inappropriate scratching
- Dilated pupils
- Eating or drinking too fast
- Failure to use the litter box
- Freezing in place
- Hair loss from excessive grooming
- Hair standing up
- Increased vocalization
- Increased respiratory rate
- Not eating or drinking
- Social withdrawal
- Twitching tails or ears
Do any of these signs sound familiar to you? Pet parents often first notice signs of cat anxiety when a cat is between five months and one year old. Sadly, those anxieties usually worsen, or new fears may develop when a cat is between one and three years old.
If your cat is suffering from anxiety, don’t lose hope! There is so much you can do to improve your feline friend’s quality of life.
Help for Cats with Anxiety
If your cat is showing any anxiety symptoms, the first thing you should do is make an appointment with your veterinarian. He or she will work to rule out medical conditions that could be contributing to your cat’s symptoms. Your veterinarian will also be able to help you find the right treatment plan for your cat’s needs.
However, finding an effective treatment for your cat’s anxiety might take some trial and error. Every cat is different, so a solution that works for one kitty might not work for another. You may also have to take several approaches when treating a cat with anxiety, combining environment management, supplements, and maybe even cat anxiety medication.
Of course, the most important thing is that you keep trying to help your cat. If left untreated, feline anxiety is likely to get worse. However, there’s plenty you can do for your anxious kitty — and you can get started on helping her today, without even leaving your house!
What to Do When Your Cat Is Anxious
If your cat is actively showing signs of anxiety, there are a few things that you, as a pet parent, can do to help soothe her fears. Take a look at these do’s and don’t’s for pet parents of anxious cats:
- Don’t ever punish an anxious cat by yelling or squirting her with water. Punishment will only reinforce the fear she’s feeling and make her anxiety even worse. Instead, if she lets you, do try
comforting her with a soft voice and gentle strokes.
- Don’t try to confine her, but do offer a safe space she can retreat to, like a cardboard box, a cat tree, or an anti-anxiety crate or carrier. A cat anxiety vest, like ThunderShirt for cats, can also help her feel safe and calm, giving her a “portable safe space” wherever she goes.
- If your cat’s anxiety is caused by a change in routine or a new arrival in the home, do try offering her treats when she confronts the scary situation. For example, if your cat has separation anxiety, give her a favorite treat before you leave the house.
Additionally, even when your cat isn’t acting anxious, here’s what you can do to keep her environment as calm, stable, and anxiety-free as possible:
- Stick to a predictable feeding routine every day
- Clean the litter box more often
- Provide regular playtime and enrichment
Naturally, though, not all anxious cats will feel better immediately. If your cat is still anxious, even after your best attempts to calm her and optimize her environment, you might need to try another solution.
Natural Cat Anxiety Remedies
You should never give your cat human anti-anxiety medication without first checking with your veterinarian. Asking your veterinarian for cat anxiety medication is always an option, but you may first want to explore natural solutions like pheromones and supplements.
Did you know that cats communicate with each other using odorless messages they release into the air? Those messages are called pheromones, and they’re a natural, drug-free solution to cat anxiety.
By copying the “happy messages” that cats send, FELIWAY diffusers can help your cat to feel calm no matter what’s going on around them. All you have to do is plug the diffuser into the wall and watch your cat relax!
This Organic Hemp Oil from The Anxious Pet is designed especially to soothe anxious cats. The easily digestible formula also helps to promote brain function and boost your cat’s immune system.
Zylkene for Cats
If behavioral remedies alone aren’t providing sufficient relief, Zylkene may be just the right choice for your cat. Zylkene is an over-the-counter supplement designed to calm your cat and is available without a prescription.
Using a calming, lactose-free natural milk protein, Zylkene can help your cat maintain her normal and relaxed disposition, even in situations that could otherwise trigger anxiety. And, unlike some treatments for anxiety, Zylkene doesn’t cause drowsiness, so your cat will remain alert but calm without feeling sedated.
It’s also easy to administer, even to picky cats. Simply open up the capsule and sprinkle the contents on your kitty’s food.
For more information on Zylkene, check out the article Why I Love Zylkene for Pet Anxiety.
Talk to Your Veterinarian
If your cat is still suffering from anxiety after a fair amount of trial and error with natural solutions, it’s a good idea to talk to your veterinarian about prescription cat anxiety medication. As long as your cat is on medication, your veterinarian will want to follow up with periodic blood tests to monitor your cat’s response to the prescription.
I highly recommend pet insurance to help defray the cost of treating your cat’s anxiety. I use Embrace Pet Insurance and absolutely love it! Aside from regular insurance, Embrace also offers a Wellness Rewards Program that reimburses you for regular wellness visits and other everyday pet care costs.
Remember: as a pet parent, you are your cat’s best advocate. With a little research, some trial and error, and help from your veterinarian, I’m confident that you have the power to provide relief to your anxious cat.